From the Experts: Echoes of Turkey in the EU Leaders Summit

EU leaders have offered more refugee aid and more specifically designated perks to Turkey at a video-summit conference also attended by US President Joe Biden. President Biden relayed a strong message of unity and solidarity while connecting live to the summit attended by the leaders of 27 EU countries via video conference last week.  The European Commission was set to focus on and come forward with "continuation of financing for Syrian refugees in Turkey" they said, after having already spent €6 billion on the programme. Further mentioned through the conference was that "the European Union is ready to engage with Turkey in a phased, proportionate, and reversible manner" added on Thursday (25 March), mentioning modernisation of an EU-Turkey customs union.

Two Senior Experts comments on recent EU Summit on Turkey:

George Tzogopoulos,CIFE(Centre International de Formation Européenne)

Following months of tensions , Greece and Turkey have relaunched exploratory talks. This cannot guarantee a solution to the problem of maritime zones, but is an encouraging development. In parallel with this the UN has scheduled a new meeting on the Cyprus question. The EU remains hopeful that progress will continue and has thus proposed a positive agenda to possibly shape its relations with Turkey. The next three months (until the June EU council) will define whether the new approach will work.  Also, the EU is continuing its work on the so-called multilateral conference for the Eastern Mediterranean but needs to clarify the agenda as well as to elaborate on desired results of such a conference.

Laura Batalla Adam, Secretary General EU-Turkey Forum:

Diplomacy should always be prioritized over imposing sanctions. The use of sanctions is not likely to achieve a behavior change from Turkey and will only make dialogue more difficult. The outcome of the Council meeting is positive news for EU-Turkey relations. It offers renewed avenues for cooperation on longstanding demands by Turkey, like the modernization of the Customs Union or the reestablishment of high-level dialogue with the EU on areas of common interest. However, the activation of this positive agenda is dependent on a continued easing of tensions in the Eastern Mediterranean. Turkey is encouraged to continue its constructive dialogue to find solutions to the disputes.

On the domestic front, the EU has expressed its concerns over the recent actions undermining democracy and rule of law in the country. A further backsliding in these areas can also derail plans to reenergize the relationship.