The Future of Syria: Towards Peacebuilding05 May 21
On May 4, THO hosted Dr. Riyad Farid Hijab, the former Prime Minister to Syria, to discuss how peacebuilding would look like in the future. He mainly argues that the crisis that the country is going through is incredible and that the Syrian conflict can only be addressed through cooperation, not competition conflict.
On the role of international organizations in influencing the Syrian revolution, Dr. Hijab explained that what unites the Syrians now is the tragedy, and the Syrians are hoping that international diplomacy will help these organizations play a greater role in addressing the conflict and promoting democracy and human rights, especially since the previous Trump administration wasn't best for international organization and coordination.
Dr. Hijab also explains that NATO hasn't come up with a strategy for Syria, and it is facing two big challenges: improving response to new challenges, especially in regards to growing Russian aggression, and the resumption of ISIL sabotage activities.
When addressing Russia’s role, Dr. Hijab argues that Russian hypocrisy and confusion are the main reasons for the compounding of the tragedy. However, he also acknowledges that there can be no solution in Syria without Russia. Turkey still plays an important role in the conflict too. Despite the tension between Turkish and the United States, Ankara still has the ability to play an important role in stopping the Russian incursion in Syria or Ukraine, but we need to strengthen Turkey’s position.